ra, immediately following the Civil War, produced a generation exposed to hardships and death. Most families had suffered the loss of at least one of their members during the war. Driven perhaps by a morbid curiosity and the need to communicate with loved ones taken from them so suddenly, interest in Spiritualism began to grow. Mediums were consulted for messages from departed family members during a seance. Devices were invented to help communicate with the spirits of loved ones, but many had already been in existence for hundreds of years.