Crop production prospects in 2013 for New York are mostly higher compared with a year earlier, according to Blair Smith, U.S. Agriculture Department National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Field Office state statistician.
Forecasts for corn for grain, soybeans, hay, oats and winter wheat are expected to be higher. Production of dry beans are expected to be lower than 2012. All forecasts are based on conditions as of Aug. 1 and assume normal growing conditions throughout the remainder of the season.
New York grain corn production is forecast at 113 million bushels, a 23 percent increase from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 750,000 acres, 10 percent more than a year ago. Yield is forecast at 150 bushels per acre, a 16 bushel increase from last year and equal to the record high set in 2010. Nationally, grain corn production is forecast at a record-high 13.8 billion bushels, a 28 percent increase from 2012. Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, yields are expected to average 154.4 bushels per acre, a 31 bushel increase from 2012. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 89.1 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast but a 2 percent increase from 2012.
Soybean production in New York is estimated at a record high 15.5 million bushels, an increase of 8 percent from last year's 14.4 million bushels. Acreage for harvest increased 2 percent from 312,000 a year earlier to a record high 317,000 acres. Yields are expected to average a record-high 49 bushels per acre, a 3 bushel increase from last year. U.S. soybean production is forecast at 3.26 billion bushels, an 8 percent increase from last year. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 42.6 bushels per acre, an increase of 3 bushels from last year and the fifth highest on record.
New York production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 1.13 million tons, is 25 percent more than 2012. Other dry hay production is expected to total 2.53 million tons, a 47 percent increase from a year ago. A sharp increase in alfalfa and other hay expected yields offset lower harvested acreage and resulted in higher production for all dry hay (alfalfa plus other hay).
Dry bean production in New York is forecast at a record -low 129,000 hundredweight (cwt), a 29 percent decrease from the 182,000 cwt produced last year. Harvested acreage is expected to total a record-low 7,800 acres, a 1,700 acre decrease from 2012. Yields are expected to average 1,650 pounds per acre, a decrease of 14 percent from last year's 1,920 pounds. U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 24.6 million cwt for 2013, a 23 percent decrease from last year.
New York oat production, expected to total 3.30 million bushels, is 2 percent more than a year ago. Acreage for grain harvest is estimated at 55,000 acres, a 10 percent increase from last year. Yields are forecast at 60 bushels per acre, a 5 bushel decrease from 2012. U.S. production is forecast at 75.2 million bushels, 1 percent more than the July 1 forecast and a 17 percent increase from 2012. If realized, this will be the third-lowest production on record. Winter wheat production for New York is estimated at 7.48 million bushels, a 40 percent increase from the 2012 crop of 5.36 million bushels. Acreage for harvest increased 29 percent to 110,000 acres. Yields are expected to average a record-high 68 bushels per acre, 5 bushels more than a year earlier. U.S. production of all wheat is forecast at 2.11 billion bushels, a slight increase from last month but a decrease of 7 percent from 2012.