Chautauqua Lake is a biologically productive lake known for its outstanding muskellunge and bass fisheries. Its plants provide important habitat and are part of the food chain for a variety of fish and wildlife, including migratory waterfowl. However, some species of plants grow excessively and seriously impair the use of the lake for recreation and affect the use and value of adjacent properties. This lake is a shallow lake that has experienced excessive inputs of nutrients and sediments from human activities for well more than a century. Clearing and leveling the land for farming, farming activities, the construction of homes, roads, yards, parking lots, factories and businesses has and continues to cause the delivery of excess amounts of storm water, nutrients, sediments, salt and a range of other pollutants to Chautauqua Lake and other area lakes and streams.